EMDR Educators https://emdreducators.com EMDR Therapy Training Tue, 03 Mar 2020 19:23:42 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.5.1 https://emdreducators.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/EMDR-favicon.png EMDR Educators https://emdreducators.com 32 32 REM and EMDR: Are Eye Movements Necessary in EMDR? https://emdreducators.com/rem-and-emdr-are-eye-movements-necessary-in-emdr/ https://emdreducators.com/rem-and-emdr-are-eye-movements-necessary-in-emdr/#respond Tue, 03 Mar 2020 19:23:21 +0000 https://emdreducators.com/?p=486 The debate as to the importance of the eye movement aspect of EMDR has been put to rest long ago, and yet there is still confusion about this aspect of EMDR. Eye movements are a signature aspect of the treatment. Many argued in the early days of EMDR that the eye movements aren’t necessary. They promoted the idea that it was much like most standard exposure therapy techniques and the eye movements have no affect. Francine Shapiro addresses this confusion in her book: EMDR Principle, Protocols and Procedures, 3rd Edition (Shapiro, 2018).

To what should we attribute the remarkable effectiveness of EMDR over other approaches to treating PTSD and other trauma? Can the eye movements be left out? Absolutely not. Some early studies found eye movements are not needed. These early studies were flawed in that they employed insufficient treatment doses, inappropriate populations, and lack of statistical power. Some of the studies found to be defective are: Boudewyns & Hyer, 1996; Devily, Spence & Rapee, 1998; Pitmanet. Al, 1996. These studies contributed to this confusion that still lingers today.

Over 30 robust randomized controlled studies show the power and need for the eye movements since EMDR’s first study.

The three mechanisms of actions activated by the eye movements are: REM-like processes are activated; working memory hypothesis, and the orienting response are also at work during EMDR processing. All of these processes are activated during the eye movements. It would be too cumbersome in this brief article to cite the many research studies showing how these three processes are at in the healing process in EMDR.

The advantage of EMDR is not the eye movements alone. Neither is it solely in getting the client to recall traumatic memories. Nor are the benefits only a result of the verbal guidance, the protocols of the treatment. All these elements work together. The EMDR protocol asks questions that prime the entire brain for activation. The cortex, limbic system and cerebellum/medulla all become activated. The eye movement and their activating effect is one of the primary differences between EMDR and other therapies. With most therapies, the counselor and client talk about experiences. EMDR activates thoughts, feelings, images, memories and body sensation so the clients have an experience.

EMDR and REM: Understanding the Eye Movements
At the heart of the better result from EMDR when compared to other exposure therapy for PTSD is enhanced information processing. Every human mind process information at the subconscious level naturally when they sleep. Traumatic memory overwhelms REM. REM cannot handle the trauma; therefore, symptoms begin, and flashbacks occur because the information is store maladaptively in the brain. EMDR continues where REM left off. In short, EMDR is like REM on steroids.

REM emotional memory processing is a way the brain functions; part of its design. When a person is REM sleep deprived, there’s a greater chance he or she won’t remember information taught to them immediately before their REM-less sleep. In fact, Robert Stickgold, Harvard sleep researcher and the man who made the connection between EMDR and REM has stated that he thinks, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) should be called post-traumatic sleep disorder. Stickgold, believes sleep is essential to mental health and physical health, without adequate sleep, REM breaks down. When REM breaks down pathology can begin.

Certain parts of the brain activate during REM. Brain scans show different patterns of brain activity during REM. For example, there is a rhythmic activity (similar to EMDR’s rhythmic eye movements) one representing a dynamic interaction between the higher-order association cortices and the unimodal sensorimotor areas. This is one way to distinguish REM sleep from other states of consciousness and other states of sleep.

And what happens during REM sleep beside the eye movements? What is the purpose of REM sleep? It normalizes brain chemistry and helps new memories form; it reduces or eliminates negative associations and begins to strengthen adaptive positive associations. This shift happens right before the therapist’s eyes. It is not something that happens over time. This shift usually occurs during every EMDR processing session. The therapist can hear and see the negative starting point shift to the more positive and adaptive aspect. The therapist says nothing to cause this. EMDR happens in the clients own head, in their own words. Strange but during EMDR there is not talking.

The eye movements of EMDR mimic that of REM. EMDR eye movements make use of a mechanism of REM to assist in accessing and processing specific memories.

In REM the memories process naturally. In EMDR, the memories are carefully chosen for processing. Thus, EMDR allows specific unprocessed memories to be processed in a controlled and safe manner.

Eye Movements of EMDR: Durable as an Element of Treatment
Of course, new understanding concerning REM, EMDR, and how these works continue to emerge. More recently brain scans are showing incredible normalization of brain functioning post EMDR treatment. What researchers have found on both REM and EMDR shed new light that has evolved the knowledge of them since Shapiro first introduced the functioning of hypotheses which we now know as EMDR. The findings support the validity of EMDR – with its eye movements – by demonstrating how and why it works. Also, later research shows bi-lateral stimulation can be tactile or auditory with the same positive effect. So eye movements are not necessary which is good. The stimulation occurs who get migraines or have seizures where eye movements can activate such issues. Tapping or auditory bilateral beeps provided electronically avoid such risks with those with these type of diagnoses.
EMDR is a homework-free, drug-free, faster way to help clients heal the emotions of past hurts. It’s not some “quick fix’, though it’s fast-acting and seriously potent. It’s a treatment that produces positive results in less time because it works. EMDR heals at the speed of thought because there is no talking during the process.

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EMDR vs ART: Which Rapid Eye Movement Therapy and Why? https://emdreducators.com/emdr-vs-art-which-rapid-eye-movement-therapy-and-why/ https://emdreducators.com/emdr-vs-art-which-rapid-eye-movement-therapy-and-why/#respond Tue, 03 Mar 2020 19:21:03 +0000 https://emdreducators.com/?p=483 What is the real difference between EMDR and Accelerated Resolution Therapy? Which one should therapists get their training in? Which should therapy clients get more excited about? In the EMDR vs. ART debate, which one wins?

I have heard good things about Accelerated Resolution Therapy (ART), but its advocates seem a bit too quick to ignore that EMDR’s rapid results compare well with it. Yes, I am a long-time EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) therapist and trainer, but I won’t deny that the early research on ART is extremely promising. 

Accelerated Resolution Therapy or ART vs. the Power of EMDR

What’s the best way to analyse the EMDR vs. ART debate? In my opinion, it’s familiarizing yourself with the obvious similarities between these two rapid eye movement therapies. Proponents on either side can be found touting as advantages benefits that are in reality shared between ART and EMDR. 

For example, research supports that the ART protocol, which is delivered in two to five sessions without homework, provided significant improvements. This statement also can be said about EMDR therapy. 

In fact, this identical statement was said after the initial EMDR study was published in 1989. There, a variety of PTSD subjects were treated with only three treatment sessions with extraordinary improvement.

ART uses the psychotherapeutic practices of imaginal exposure and imagery re-scripting (IR) facilitated through sets of eye movements. This strategy has been employed by EMDR therapists for decades. 

It would be incorrect to let anyone sway you in the ART vs. EMDR debate through the claim that either one works fast or is homework free. Both of these rapid eye movement therapies offer these two key benefits. 

But here’s one point where ART differs from EMDR: a novel component of ART is use of IR to “replace” negative imagery (and other sensations) with positive imagery. EMDR, however, does not impose the positive image. 

EMDR allows the positive image to emerge after the client has processed the maladaptively stored information. In my experience, this more “organic” approach of EMDR vs ART is of greater benefit to client and therapist alike, resulting in a better long-term outcome.

EMDR vs ART: Why I’m Sticking with EMDR

It is always surprising to me when over 30 years of research and hundreds of books and discoveries by EMDR researchers and practitioners are dismissed. It’s a particularly troubling oversight for ART advocates to make, considering that ART is very much a spinoff of EMDR

Some champion ART against EMDR as if the huge and ever-growing body of work in support of EMDR does not exist; as if Accelerated Resolution Therapy owes nothing to EMDR. But that’s not the case, is it?

ART claims, in part, to be a lighter version of EMDR. The history of Accelerated Resolution Therapy, in fact, is that it’s developer, Laney Rosenzweig trained in and practiced EMDR. Finding the eye movements of EMDR effective, she sought to further enhance the process by modifying it. 

It’s remarkable that something which clearly seems to be a reinvention of a well-established wheel that has been riding along at increasing speeds since 1989 – except missing some spokes –  presents itself as something new.

ART contains elements of not only EMDR, but also CBT, BPP, and Gestalt. Still, it is a rapid eye movement therapy at its core. ART is supposedly “more directive, takes less time to administer, and easier to learn”. I beg to differ. 

Is ART more directive than EMDR?

More directive yes, but is that an advantage? As mentioned before, ART calls for the therapist to impose a positive image whereas EMDR allows it to emerge. And the imposition is easier on the therapist? 

It’s easier for the therapist, after having less training than with EMDR, to use ART and impose upon the client’s memory rather than allowing? Is this a recipe for a better, faster outcome in the long run for both client and therapist? In my experience, the answer here is a consistent NO. 

Does ART take less time to administer than EMDR? 

Again, no. Again, though it has been reported that significant improvements are achieved with just 1-5 one-hour sessions of ART, the same has been found of EMDR. There’s a large and growing body of research on EMDR that demonstrates this. 

Can EMDR take longer than ART? I have found that it has much to do with the therapist and how well he or she is trained. Therapists who operate according to improper EMDR training produce significantly slower, less stellar results than those who are well-trained and stick to their training, all else being equal. 

But now that brings us to the third claim in support of ART: therapist training…

Is ART easier to learn than EMDR??

The temptation is just to great for me to resist. I can’t help but to point out that just because something is easier to learn doesn’t make it more effective or more worthwhile to learn. But still, if an enjoyable training experience is what you’re looking for, you can find it right here at EMDR Educators of Florida (just ask my students). 

In developing Accelerated Resolution Therapy, some key parts of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing were removed. That’s why ART therapist training takes a few days/hours less than EMDR therapist training. 

To become an EMDR therapist, you must complete 50 hours of basic training, including 10 consultation hours. EMDR training consists of part 1 and part 2. These can be taken separately or all at once. When combined, EMDR parts 1 and 2 constitute the 5-day intensive. 

Accelerated Resolution Therapy training takes 3 days total. And yet, interestingly enough, the cost of becoming an ART therapist is often a couple of hundred dollars more than the full 5-day intensive EMDR training cost

Other Differences Between ART and EMDR

  • ART uses a set number of eye movements whereas with EMDR numbers can vary
  • ART focuses on emotions. EMDR focuses on content
  • ART gives therapists a list of specific directives. The guidelines EMDR therapists follow are more general.
  • When it comes to adaptability, EMDR wins. EMDR plays well with others.

EMDR vs. ART: EMDR Transform Lives

What seems to have been lost in the understanding of the advantages and benefits of EMDR is that EMDR is specifically endorsed by the World Health Organizations for the treatment of trauma in children and adults. In fact, it’s one of two approved therapies for the treatment of trauma in children –  and ART isn’t the second on the list.  But this is the least of what EMDR does.

The treatment of a single episode of trauma is usually done in short order. One or two sessions are very common using EMDR, depending on the event, of course. Often the problem with all of us, whether we have a diagnosis or not, is that we are driven by one of two core beliefs: “I don’t matter” or “I’m not good enough.” You can disagree, but the first stage of this process is AVOIDANCE—so welcome to the party.

These schemas begin at a young age, often at birth, and are perpetuated and strengthened throughout the lifespan. These schemas affect just about everything we do. Mine was “I’m not good enough” and is probably why I have two master’s degrees and a doctorate. 

EMDR is the only treatment I have ever found that causes a permanent shift in these negative beliefs. And these shifts happen without talking. The shift has very little to do with what I say.

Once these beliefs change to the adaptive thought, “I am good enough” or “I do matter,” the real work begins, because the client is thrown into chaos because they have lost their identity. He/she has no idea how to behave in this adaptive way. In this stage, they almost always retreat to the old way, but now they have insight. Therefore, nothing quite looks the same—they can’t go back.

This is not trauma work, although traumas may be part of the work. This is transformational work

The client moves through six stages of transformation. It is a very real death/rebirth experience that happens at warp speed, and it happens right before my very eyes. It is the most incredible feeling that I have ever had as a therapist, to watch the rebirth, when the “aha” moment occurs. 

Immediately a client’s affect changes, a calm enters the room, and sometimes they even begin to laugh. Laughter is a sure-fire sign that we are headed to the promised land. 

These moments frequently occur with EMDR, which is why I never tire of the work. I just do not know why more therapists are not aware of the power of EMDR to permanently and adaptively change a person’s life.

When I train therapists in EMDR, I bring my passion to the table. In part, it’s automatic for me and on the other side, I know the training experience makes all the difference in how comfortable and competent the therapist becomes in administering the treatment. 

Sure, with EMDR training it’s 5 days of training instead of the 3 with ART, but the impact EMDR therapy makes on clients’ lives and the therapist’s practice (when done competently) should be well worth the extra 2 days to any serious therapist or social worker. 

Thinking EMDR is only for trauma is so 1990s. EMDR is not just a trauma treatment. It is a model of therapy: EMDR Therapy does not just treat symptoms, it transforms lives! And, in my opinion, EMDR wins the ART vs. EMDR debate hands down every time.

EMDR vs ART…What’s your position? 

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EMDR Training Cost: 5 Ways to Save Money https://emdreducators.com/emdr-training-cost-5-ways-to-save-money/ https://emdreducators.com/emdr-training-cost-5-ways-to-save-money/#respond Tue, 03 Mar 2020 19:13:38 +0000 https://emdreducators.com/?p=480 Has the EMDR training cost stood in your way, preventing you from learning how to do EMDR? You want to become an EMDRIA-approved therapist. As long as you aren’t one, you, your clients, and your practice are missing out.

Of course, your clients can just go see a therapist who CAN do EMDR, but where does that leave you and your therapy practice?

Mental health counselors aren’t strangers to covering educational expenses. Yet some use the price of training as a reason to put off becoming competent in this powerful treatment approach. And yet, the cost of EMDR training can prove very affordable – surprised?

5 Ways to Get Low Cost EMDR Training

Did you know that you can influence how much you have to pay to become an EMDR therapist? Note that some of the following options might not be available through other EMDR trainers. But at EMDR Educators of Florida, our core mission is to advance the use of EMDR therapy. We offer several ways to help mental health graduate students and therapists learn EMDR without cost being a barrier.

Related Content

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<<–EMDR 50-Hour Basic Training: Get the Details–>>

<<–EMDR Therapy Training: 7 Crucial Facts You Need to Know–>>

<<–Download your FREE EMDR Training Information Kit–>>

1. Refer Other Therapists

The 10 consultation hours you must complete to become an EMDR therapist are part of your training expenses. At EMDR Educators of Florida, each consultation is only $25. The low price reflects our efforts to maintain an affordable EMDR training cost. But more than that, you can earn free consultations just by getting other therapists and graduate students to train with us.

For each person you refer who registers and pays for class you get one consultation free. If ten people you refer pay for their training- even if they opt to pay in installments – that means you get all ten of the required consultations free.

2. Register for EMDR Training Early

Our EMDR training schedule shows the available dates for months in advance All the training sessions listed on the schedule are open for registration, and we always have an early bird discount code available for those who register at least 10 days before any class start date.

Can’t find our early bird discount code? Subscribe to our updates or send us an email and let us know which training date you’re interested in attending.

3. Register as a Nonprofit Professional

Students in the mental health field and professionals who work at nonprofits can qualify for our nonprofit rate. If this describes you then it means your EMDR training cost is already hundreds of dollars lower.

You can combine the savings available through some of the other methods listed here to make your low cost EMDR training even more affordable.

4. Pay the EMDR Training Cost in Installments

Some EMDR trainers offer installment plans, some do not. Installment plans are available here at EMDR Educators of Florida. When covering your EMDR training cost by way of installments, any discount code you have get applied to your first month’s payment, making it extremely cheap to get started.

Depending on the training you sign up for, whether it’s EMDR basic training part 1 or 2 or both combined into a 5 day intensive, your installment plan will only take 3-5 months to complete.

5. Get Your Organization on Board

Wholesale EMDR training?? Perhaps. With our Group EMDR training program, therapists get shave even more off their EMDR training cost. Groups get $100 off per participant at EMDR Educators of Florida – even nonprofit groups who qualify for the lower rate.

And installment plans are still an option for individuals who register under a group. What qualifies as a group with us? Each group must have a minimum of four participants. Get together with your colleagues and/or friends and save together! Sign up your organization and help all the therapists on your team bring the power of EMDR into the lives of your clients!

EMDR therapists are in-demand thanks to the remarkable effectiveness of this specific treatment approach. Don’t let anything, especially not the EMDR training cost, keep you from becoming an EMDR therapist.

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